Among birds besides the general with Southern Europe there are a lot of North African types (blue starling, sandy chickens, etc.), there are also large birds of prey. The special place in avifauna belongs to the natatorial — it not only the geese flying from Europe in the winter, ducks, etc., but also ibises, swans, cormorants, white herons and even a flamingo gathering big packs during a rainy season on lakes.
The province Africa got importance in economic life of Ancient Rome as the large producer and the exporter of agricultural production. For the Roman era, especially AD, blossoming of a city civilization is necessary the II—III centuries. The territory of Tunisia was one of the high-urbanized provinces of the Roman Empire.
The theater became the important phenomenon of public life at independence. The leading troupe works at Municipal theater of the capital. Here works of classical and modern western dramatic art, numerous plays of the Tunisian authors are put. A favourite genre are the comedy and the farce.
The main export-import transportations are carried out through five deep-water ports. Near Gabes the special port for oil vessels where oil from the Tunisian and partially Algerian fields is pumped over is built.
Ifrikiya was quite centralized state which economy was based on the agriculture (generally cultivation grain and an olivkovodstvo) using antique methods of an agrotechnology. Active commercial relations were supported with Tropical Africa
One of the reasons of formation of the this kind of settlements which are coming nearer on appearance and social and economic structure to the city were features of economic life of Sahel. The olive plantations occupying almost all agricultural the space do not demand year-round leaving, and the population of big and small villages long since goes in for various crafts. Some settlements became the centers of cottage industry (Moknin, Ksar-Hellyal).
As show archaeological researches, the territory of Tunisia was one of primary centers of neolytic culture of the Mediterranean. In the II millennium BC the berber tribes occupying this territory were engaged mainly in settled agriculture. To the south of big saline hollows Shott-Dzherid cattle breeding tribes wandered. The local culture was enriched thanks to contacts with the people of Sahara and the Greek-Aegean world. However in the history of ancient Tunisia the colonizations which included the country in an area of development of an antique way of production had crucial importance Phoenician (from XII century BC), and then Roman (from II century BC).
The main food fishes at coast — a sardine, anchovies, a mackerel and a tuna. Fishery is developed and in coastal lakes in the north of the country. In the Gulf of Gabes fishing of the sea sponge going for export is long since conducted.
Near large sources of water in the south of Tunisia there were numerous oases, here it is possible to see the groves of date palm trees, orchards, almond and olive trees growing round small sites with crops of vegetables and grain.