Information is considered as one of the most important resources of development of society along with material, power and human today. As B. Kompeyn notices about it, "information was always a resource, but only quite recently we saw the first gleams of perception of information in the same context in what economists consider a matter and energy as resources".
Thirdly, different ways of providing information are convenient to different consumers of information goods and services, after all consumption of information product demands efforts. In it property of addressing of information consists.
Secondly, information product is exposed to peculiar "obsolescence" over time. Though information also does not wear out at the use, but it can lose the value as the knowledge provided by it stops being the actual.
The information sphere covers a wide range of goods and services. The market of information includes such sectors as communications, education, scientific and technical researches, the press, cinema, advertizing, administrative activity, etc.
Uniform performance of operations. Computer processing assumes use of the same teams when performing identical operations of accounting that practically excludes to emergence of the random errors ordinary inherent in manual processing. On the contrary, program mistakes (or other systematic mistakes in equipment rooms or software) lead to the wrong processing of all identical operations under identical conditions.
Classical example positive information eksternaly is financing by separate firms of scientific researches and development which results often become property of a wide range of interested persons. Patents or licenses can be means of elimination of positive outer effects of information production.
As a rule, the state assumes regulation of process of production and distribution of information products without which society cannot normally develop. It creates more or less equal opportunities in the sphere of consumption of information products. After all interests of society demand that the considerable part of information would be available, that is why the state and the profitless organizations assume a covering of expenses on ensuring access to information. By the way, we will note that in some cases private business is also interested in rather simple and cheap access to information, for example when carrying out advertizing campaigns.
Informatization of economy - transformation of information into an economic resource of paramount value. There is it on the basis of the computerization and telecommunications providing essentially new opportunities of economic development, repeated growth of labor productivity, the solution of social and economic problems, formation of new type of the economic relations.
The value, or usefulness, information consists in opportunity to give an additional freedom of action to the consumer. Information expands a set of possible alternatives and helps to estimate their consequences correctly.
So signs of a new, post-industrial stage are rather accurately traced in the developed countries. However in textbooks according to the economic theory these new tendencies, in my opinion, for the present did not receive worthy reflection. In many of them only such types of resources as the earth, work, the capital, enterprise abilities though the post-industrial civilization puts in one row with them information are traditionally allocated. Today the well-known expression of Francis Bacon "knowledge - force", more than ever before, gets concrete sense. Information becomes the most important factor of economic growth in modern society that also it is only casually noted in textbooks. In this regard research of a problem on economies of information society is advisable.
Experience of many developing countries shows that priority development of information production owing to strategic character of information resources in development of modern society allowed many states to overcome a huge gap in the level of economic and social development in comparison with the developed countries.